About Stalingrad Battlefield
Stalingrad Battlefield was the site of one of the most important and bloodiest battles of the Second World War.
In the spring of 1942, Hitler’s forces were involved in heavy fighting in Soviet territory. However, rather than try to hold their ground, Soviet troops were instructed to keep fighting whilst slowly retreating, leading German forces deeper and deeper into the country in a war of attrition.
The Battle of Stalingrad, which took place from July 1942 and February 1943 was the most important of the standoffs between Germany and the USSR and is commonly thought of as the turning point in the war.
As they tried to capture Stalingrad, German forces suffered a decisive defeat at the hands of the Soviet army. The combination of the fierce Soviet fighting, lack of resources and freezing conditions proved too much for the German troops and they surrendered on 2 February 1943.
Only approximately 90,000 German soldiers survived, although very few of them would live to see Germany again after being interned at Stalin’s notorious gulags. The total casualties of the battle reached a staggering estimate of two million.
Stalingrad has since been renamed Volgograd, a move by Khrushchev to dissociate it from his predecessor, Joseph Stalin.
Those wanting to see Stalingrad Battlefield today can view remnants of the clash throughout Volgograd, from destroyed buildings to museums about the battle. The most prominent memorial showing Stalingrad Battlefield is the Mamayev Kurgan statue and complex.