Pearl Harbour: Japan Gambles on a Massive Pre-Emptive Attack against the US Navy | History Hit

Pearl Harbour: Japan Gambles on a Massive Pre-Emptive Attack against the US Navy

History Hit

18 Aug 2016
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A Japanese force of six carriers launches two strikes on the US Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbour on Oahu Island, Hawaii.

Over 183 Japanese aircraft destroy six battleships and 188 aircraft, damage or sink 10 other vessels, and kill 2000 servicemen. More than 1000 US sailors are killed aboard the USS Arizona alone after its magazine explodes.

Despite the apparent success of the attack, the US Pacific Fleet’s aircraft carriers are at sea and therefore survive.

On 1 April 1945, as the Second World War in Europe was reaching its end, one of the bloodiest battles in the whole conflict commenced on a small island south of mainland Japan. It was the Battle of Okinawa.Watch Now

The planned third wave of attacks is cancelled for fear that the Japanese might be attacked by the remainder of the Pacific Fleet. The third wave was due to attack the harbour’s oil reserves and repair facilities.

Japan then declares war on the United States and the British Commonwealth.

Despite the apparent success of the attack, the US Pacific Fleet’s aircraft carriers are at sea and therefore survive. The fleet itself is quickly repaired and Pearl Harbour continues to function as a base.

Human lives are entangled with those of other animals; we live with cats, we use chickens for their eggs, cows for their milk, and occasionally enjoy a trip to the local farm or zoo. But humans have also enlisted animals to help fight their wars. Tracking the use of horses and dogs in warfare can be a difficult challenge; Jack Pettitt visits the MoD Defence Animal Training Regiment in Melton Mowbray which can offer an insight into this often-unknown topic.Watch Now

Although a stunning short-term tactical success, the attack on Pearl Harbour and the onset of the Pacific War throws Japan into conflict with the world’s richest nation.

 

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