Banqueting House - History and Facts | History Hit

Banqueting House

London, England, United Kingdom

The Banqueting House in Whitehall is famous as the site of the execution of King Charles I.

Lily Johnson

12 Mar 2021
Image Credit: Shutterstock

About Banqueting House

The Banqueting House in London is the only surviving building of the eminent 16th century royal Palace of Whitehall, home to some of Britain’s most infamous monarchs.

The Banqueting House history

The Palace of Whitehall first came into the possession of the Crown in 1530, when its previous owner Cardinal Wolsey was removed from power. Henry VIII took the Palace for himself, installing it as the key royal residence for the Tudor – and later Stuart – court.

The grand Banqueting House itself was built in 1622 under James I, and was met with general praise and amazement. It was initially designed for state occasions and after the installation of grand ceiling panels by Rubens, became a reception area for greeting foreign dignitaries. The curious tradition of the royal healing ceremony also often took place here, in which Stuart monarchs from James I to Queen Anne claimed to heal people of a mysterious skin disorder known as ‘the King’s Evil’.

On 30 January 1649, it would become the location for one of British history’s most significant events. Spectators gathered to watch the beheading of King Charles I on the balcony of the Banqueting House, with the scaffold stage on which the monarch died still visible today.

During the Interregnum, from 1654 until 1658 the Palace of Whitehall was the home of the revolutionary and statesman, Oliver Cromwell. After the Restoration of King Charles II in 1660 however, the Palace once again became a royal residence, with the Banqueting House reclaiming its role as a magnificent centre of courtly life.

In 1698, an accidental fire started at Whitehall Palace, burning it to the ground and bringing to a close over 250 years of history. As the fire raged, William III instructed Sir Christopher Wren to focus on preventing the destruction of the beautiful Banqueting House, and it came out largely unscathed.

The Banqueting House today

Today the Banqueting House is managed by Historic Royal Palaces and welcomes visitors to explore its fascinating history as a centre of early-modern royal life.

In the main Banqueting Hall the immaculate Rubens ceiling may be admired, likely painted by the eminent artist between 1629-30. It is the only surviving in-situ ceiling by Rubens and consists of 9 paintings, with scenes depicting The Union of the Crowns, The Apotheosis of James I, and The Peaceful Reign of James I.

Below the Banqueting Hall also lies the Undercroft, designed as a private drinking den for James I and his friends, which contains a display on the extravagant court Masques that would take place above.

Getting to the Banqueting House

The Banqueting House is located in Whitehall, London. The nearest Underground Station is Westminster, a 5-minute walk away, while the nearest bus stop is Horse Guards Parade stop just outside.

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