Santa Maria in Trastevere | Attraction Guides | History Hit

About Santa Maria in Trastevere

Santa Maria in Trastevere is thought to have been one of the first – if not actually the first – of the Christian churches in Rome.

Whilst most of the building and works contained in Santa Maria in Trastevere date back to the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the church itself may date back as far as the third century, when it is thought to have been founded by Pope Callixtus. Others believe it was established in mid-fourth century by Pope Julius I.

Legend has it that an oil fountain miraculously appeared on the site of Santa Maria in Trastevere on the date of the birth of Christ.

Today, Santa Maria in Trastevere houses a series of colourful medieval frescos.