Caesar Augustus live from 23 September 63 BC and died on 19 August AD 14. Originally called Octavian, was the first emperor of Rome, reigning from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. His founded the Roman Principate (the first phase of the Roman Empire) and is known to be of the most effective leaders in human history. The reign of Augustus initiated an era of relative peace known as the Pax Romana.
Augustus dramatically enlarged the Roman Empire as far as Africa. Other reforms include the Roman system of taxation, the road network with an official courier system, a standing army, establishing the Praetorian Guard, official police and fire-fighting services for Rome. He rebuilt much of the city during his reign. Augustus’ death came in AD 14 at the age of 75, most likely from natural causes. It is claimed his wife Livia poisoned him. He was succeeded as emperor by his adopted son Tiberius, Livia’s son and also former husband of Augustus’ only biological daughter Julia.