10 Facts About the Fall of France in World War Two | History Hit

10 Facts About the Fall of France in World War Two

Simon Parkin

09 Aug 2018
HISTORYHIT.TV A new online only channel for history lovers

After German forces invaded Poland, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany. In 1940 Hitler had his sights set on its southwestern neighbour.

Despite the fact that the French Army was heavily manning the country’s border with its enemy, Germany successfully invaded the country and occupied it within only 6 weeks.

Here are 10 facts about how France fell to Germany in that short, but eventful span.

1. The French Army was one of the largest in the world

The experience of World War One however, had left it with a defensive mentality that paralysed its potential effectiveness and engendered a reliance on the Maginot Line.

The Kokoda campaign would last four months and has left a deep impression in the hearts and minds of the Australian people to this day.Watch Now

2. Germany ignored the Maginot Line however

tank-invading-france

The main thrust of their advance into France moving through the Ardennes in northern Luxembourg and southern Belgium as part of the Sichelschnitt plan.

3. The Germans employed Blitzkrieg tactics

german-panzer-korps-1940

They used armoured vehicles and aircraft to make rapid territorial gains. This military strategy was developed in Britain in the 1920s.

4. The Battle of Sedan, 12-15 May, provided a momentous breakthrough for the Germans

battle-sedan

They streamed into France thereafter.

5. The miraculous evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk saved 193,000 British and 145,000 French troops

Although some 80,000 were left behind, Operation Dynamo far exceeded the expectation of rescuing only 45,000. The Operation used 200 Royal Navy ships and 600 volunteer vessels.

Ken Oatley, as one of the people who took part in the bombing of Dresden, talks about what it was like, and what he feels about having done it.Listen Now

6. Mussolini declared war on the Allies on 10 June

Ultima battaglia delle alpi 4

His first offensive was launched through the Alps without German knowledge and ended with 6,000 casualties, with over a third being attributed to frostbite. French casualties reached only 200.

7. A further 191,000 Allied troops were evacuated from France in mid-June

Although the heaviest ever losses in a single incident at sea were sustained by the British when the Lancastria was sunk by German bombers on 17 June.

Lancastria-sinking

8. The Germans had reached Paris by 14 June

The French surrender was ratified in the armistice agreement signed at Compiègne on 22 June.

Just after midnight on 30th July 1945, the USS Indianapolis was struck by two Japanese torpedoes. For the next five nights, nearly 900 men struggled with battle injuries, shark attacks, dehydration, insanity, and eventually each other. Sara Vladic is one of the world's leading experts on the USS Indianapolis, having met and interviewed 108 of the ship’s survivors. She joined Dan on the pod to recount this nightmarish event.Listen Now

9. Around 8,000,000 French, Dutch and Belgian refugees were created during the summer of 1940

french-refugees

Masses of people fled their homes as the Germans advanced.

10. Axis troops deployed in the Battle of France amounted to about 3,350,000

At the start they were matched in number by Allied opponents. By the signing of armistice on 22 June, however, 360,000 Allied casualties had been inflicted and 1,900,000 prisoners taken at the expense of 160,000 Germans and Italians.

Simon Parkin