Emerald Mound - History and Facts | History Hit

Emerald Mound

Stanton, Mississippi, United States

The Emerald Mound site is a Mississippian culture period ancient mound built between 1250 and 1600AD and used as a ceremonial site and political center.

Antara Bate

19 Jul 2021
Image Credit: Shutterstock

About Emerald Mound

The Emerald Mound is one of a number of ancient mound sites built by the indigenous peoples of the Americas. Several similar sites have been found within Mississippi and in other areas of the United States.

Emerald Mound history

One of the largest mounds in the US, the Emerald Mound site was likely constructed between 1250 AD and 1600 AD during the Mississippian culture period. It is thought that the site was used for ceremonial purposes and as a meeting place for local populations.  The site was later used by descendents of the peoples of the Mississippian culture, the Natchez, and became a major center of their culture.

After the arrival of Europeans to the area, the Emerald Mound site was abandoned and erosion has diminished much of what would have once been seen at the Emerald Mound site. However, stabalisation work by the US National Park Service in 1955 has helped to restore and preserve the structure. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989.

Emerald Mound today

A number of excavations of the site have taken place since the 19th century, revealing pottery, tools and the remains of animals.

Displays at the Emerald Mound site provide information on the history of the site and give a glimpse into the lives and culture of those who built and used the Emerald Mound.

Getting to Emerald Mound

Emerald Mound is located about 10 miles northeast of Natchez, Mississippi and is within the Natchez Trace Parkway. The best way to reach the site is by car, there are over 50 roads that access the Parkway.