Lincoln Memorial - History and Facts | History Hit

Lincoln Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia, United States

The Lincoln Memorial is a Greek temple style monument honouring the 16th President of the United States of America, Abraham Lincoln.

Image Credit: Arthit Kaeoratanapattama/

About Lincoln Memorial

The Lincoln Memorial is a Greek style monument in Washington DC’s West Potomac Park.

History of the Lincoln Memorial

The Lincoln Memorial was built to honour President Abraham Lincoln, who was the sixteenth President of the United States of America, serving during the American Civil War, a fact that is commemorated above the giant statue of Lincoln inside the memorial with the words “In this temple as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the union the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever”.

President Lincoln was assassinated by a actor and Confederate spy, John Wilkes Booth, at Ford Theatre on 14 April 1865. Whilst a committee for the establishment of a memorial to Abraham Lincoln was first incorporated in 1867, authorisation for the monument was not given until 1911 and construction only began on 12 February 1914.

The build was also a lengthy process and Lincoln Memorial was finally dedicated on 30 May 1922. The Lincoln Memorial was designed by the architect, Henry Bacon, who also sculpted the statue of Lincoln which visitors can see within its walls.

As the site of many important political speeches and events, Lincoln Memorial has a history of its own, independent from its original purpose. In particular, it was the site where Martin Luther King delivered his famous “I have a dream” speech on 28 August 1963 – the spot is marked with an engraving. Today, the words of the Gettysburg Address and Lincoln’s Second Inaugural speech are carved into the wall behind the monument.

Lincoln Memorial today

Lincoln Memorial stands majestically in National Mall and Memorial Parks, overseen by the National Parks Service and surrounded by other important historical sites. Visitors are free to enter the memorial at all times and it can often become quite crowded.

At the moment, work in ongoing to open up the subterranean vault below the memorial to visitors for the first time. Try coming at night: the memorial is illuminated and is often much emptier.

Getting to the Lincoln Memorial

As one of Washington’s most iconic sites, it’s pretty hard to miss. The memorial sits at the west end of the Reflecting Pool, gazing out over it. A lot of people walk there through the gardens from the Washington Monument. There’s no parking desperately near, but a cab can drop you off anywhere nearby. It’s about a halfway walk from downtown Washington.

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