Selinunte is an Ancient Greek archaeological site in southern Sicily containing the ruins of an acropolis surrounded by five historic temples, mostly dating to the sixth to fifth centuries BC.
The sites at Selinunte are relatively meagre when one considers that this would once have been a great city of Magna Graecia, which was founded in the mid-seventh century BC, and was largely destroyed by the Carthaginians in the fifth century BC.
Of the temples at Selinunte, only one has been substantially partially reconstructed, its standing Doric columns offering an impressive sight.
History of Selinunte
Selinunte is undoubtedly one of Sicily’s great Greek archaeological sites. It is situated by the south-western corner of Sicily, and has stood abandoned for most of its history.
Founded in the 7th century BC by Greeks from Megara Hyblaea, itself a colony of Megara in Greece, Selinus was spread over a couple of low hills on the seashore.
The town likely reached its biggest size during the sixth and fifth centuries BC, which was when its grand temples were constructed. Though its buildings would have given off the impression of grandeur, the city itself was more likely a large town which wanted to give off the impression of being larger and more intimidating.
The Carthaginians attacked Selinus in 409 BC, which ruined many of its buildings, and certainly marked the end of the once sprawling and architecturally grand city.
The destruction of the site was furthered during the Middle Ages as a result of a number of earthquakes, and was subsequently forgotten until it was rediscovered in the sixteenth century.
Archaeological excavations began during the nineteenth century and still continue to this day, and have yielded a number of fascinating finds.
The site can now covers around 270 hectares, and can largely be divided into the following areas: The Acropolis in the centre with temples and fortifications, the Gaggera Hill in the West with the sanctuary of Malophoros, the Mannuzza Hill in the north with ancient housing, the East Hill in the east with other temples, and the necropolis.
Today, the lack of development in the area allows visitors to vividly imagine the grandeur of the once sprawling city.
Upon entering the site, the first building – known as Temple E – is the grandest. The large Doric temple was restored in the 1950s and stands grandly on a rise. Unusually, visitors are allowed to climb inside the temple.
On the western hill is a small museum which exhibits finds from the site and gives an idea of how the temples – brightly painted and decorated – would have once looked.
Getting to Selinunte
From the centre of Sicily, the site is a two and a half hour drive via SS640 and SS115. It is also near the stunning and historic Mazara del Vallo (spelt Mazzara until the Second World War). From there, Selinunte is a 30 minute drive, via the A29/E90 roads.
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