10 Facts About Reinhard Heydrich — The Butcher of Prague

Paul Hamilton

2 mins

09 Aug 2018

Sometimes referred to as ‘the hangman’ or ‘the blond beast’, Reinhard Heydrich was a senior figure in the Nazi regime who will always be remembered for the heinous role he played in the Holocaust.

1. Heydrich was described by Adolf Hitler as ‘the man with the iron heart’.

Adolf Hitler and Heydrich

Heydrich stood behind and to the side of Hitler in this photo (Vienna, 1938).

Most historians agree that he was a dark and sinister figure amongst the ranks of the Nazi elite.

2. In 1922, Heydrich’s military career started as a Naval Cadet at Kiel

By 1928 he had been promoted to the rank of Sub-Lieutenant.

3. During 1932, Himmler appointed Heydrich as Chief of the SD (Sicherheitsdienst) which was the intelligence agency of the SS

Guy Burgess was the most important, complex and fascinating of 'The Cambridge Spies' - a group which also included Maclean, Philby, Blunt - all brilliant young men recruited in the 1930s to betray their country to the Soviet Union. Watch Now

4. Heydrich was one of the organisers of the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games

Berlin36-2

The Berlin Olympic Stadium in 1936.

Along with others he received an award to celebrate the role he played in making the games a success.

5. Heydrich was one of the organisers of the infamous Kristallnacht persecution

1389.8 Holocaust C

Damage to Jewish businesses following Kristallnacht.

It was targeted at Jewish people, property and business during November 1938.

6. During World War Two, Heydrich organised mass executions in newly occupied European countries

One of the most famous war photographs ever taken - find out about the men behind the photograph and the battle they faced as they reached Omaha Beach on 6 June 1944. Watch Now

7. During 1939, Heydrich established task forces (Einsatzgruppen) to round up Jewish people for placement into ghettos.

The use of unmanned aircraft stretches all the way back to the First World War. Dan talks to James Rogers about this fascinating, unknown history.Listen Now

In doing so it is estimated that by the end of the war the soldiers involved in this process had killed around 1 million people (700,000 in Russia alone).

8. During 1941 Heydrich was appointed as Deputy Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (Czechoslovakia).

In this role, he established a cruel dictatorship which resulted in a significant loss of life.

9. By 1942, under Heydrich’s leadership, it is estimated that around 4,500 Czech people had either been executed or arrested.

Mauthausen_survivors

The liberation of Mauthausen by American soldiers.

Those who were arrested were mainly sent to Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp.

10. Heydrich died in 1942

He had sustained injuries during an assassination attempt by British trained operatives whilst he was travelling to Berlin for a meeting with Hitler.

Heydrichmarke

Postage stamp in commemoration of Reinhard Heydrich, released in 1943.