Choquequirao is a little known Incan city in the south of Peru which may well have served as the final stronghold of the Incan civilisation.
Similar in design and architechture to the far better known Machu Picchu, Choquequirao is almost devoid of tourist due to its isolated position.
Built in the late 15th century and expanded over the next century Choquequirao is believed to have served as an administrative hub for the region, as well as providing a local military centre.
In the 16th century, as the Incan Empire was gripped by civil war and then rocked by the arrival of the Conquistadors, Choquequirao – in the Vilcabamaba region – was used as a refuge by Inca forces fleeing the siege of Cuzco.
After the eventual defeat of the last of the Incan forces in 1572 the city was lost from record until European explorers came across Choquequirao in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Today, the ruins of Choquequirao still contain impressive sites but its isolated position means it is a difficult spot to access. A two-day hike from the nearest village has ensured that only the most committed of travellers explore these remains.
However, for better or worse, facilities in the area are improving and the Peruvian government are considering ways to improve access to the site. Choquequirao features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions of Peru.