About The Lucknow Residency
The Lucknow Residency was the home of the British High Commissioner during the British colonial period in Lucknow, the capital of what was then the area of Oud. The British had annexed Oud in 1856, a move which created a great deal of resent amidst locals.
In 1857, there was an uprising against the British, known as the First War of Indian Independence or the Indian Rebellion of 1857. As tensions rose, around 1,500 British residents took shelter in the Lucknow Residency together with the same number of Indian private soldiers to protect them. With them was High Commissioner Henry Lawrence.
On 1 July 1857, the Lucknow Residency came under siege. Despite being severely outnumbered and suffering dire conditions, the besieged managed to hold out for 87 days, transforming the once grand building into a hospital, arsenal and shelter.
However, despite attempts to relieve those trapped inside, the siege ended in defeat for the British and the deaths of over 2,000 people, including Henry Lawrence. Many Indian soldiers who had sided with the British were included in the casualties list.
The British would later recapture Lucknow and those who perished defending it are now buried at the site. The complex of the Lucknow Residency is also preserved in the same state as it was at the end of the siege. Inside, visitors can view exhibitions about its history, including weaponry of the time, photographs, paintings and a representation of what it originally looked like.