About Nea Pafos
Nea Pafos is an archaeological site near Paphos Harbour in Cyprus housing the remains of what was once the capital of the island. Founded in the fourth century BC by Nikokles, the last king of nearby Palaipafos, Nea Pafos then went from strength to strength, particularly under the Ptolemaic kingdom from the third century BC.
One of the main remnants of the earliest stages of Nea Paphos – albeit with changes made to it over the centuries – is its ancient theatre, probably built around the time that the city was founded. This was in use until the fifth century AD.
However, the most famous sites at Nea Pafos are its Ancient Roman villas, mostly dating to the second century AD. Amongst them are the House of Dionysos, the House of Orpheus and the Villa of Theseus, all of which have impressive mosaics depicting mythological scenes. There are also the remaining foundations of an Agora.
The Byzantine and medieval stages of Nea Paphos are represented by other sites such as the initially fourth century AD Basilica of Chrysopolitissa, later altered and added to in the sixth, twelfth and sixteenth centuries.
Also of interest is the Castle of Forty Columns, a Byzantine fortification known locally as “Saranda Kolones”. Constructed in the seventh century AD, this castle is known – and named after – the many granite columns which still remain there today.
Discover the best Historic Sites in Cyprus, from Kourion to Paphos Castle and more, includes interactive Cypriot cultural places, landmarks and monuments map.
Discover a comprehensive list of the most stunning ancient cities in the world, from Pompeii to Calixtlahuaca and more, includes an interactive ancient city map.
Discover the most outstanding Castles to Visit in the World, from Neuschwanstein to Castel del Monte, Coburg Castle and more, includes interactive world castle list map.
Discover the best Bronze Age sites to Visit, from Babylon to the Jabel Hafit Tombs and more, includes an interactive map of landmarks from the Bronze Age.