Wanping Castle | Attraction Guides | History Hit

Wanping Castle

Beijing, Beijing, China

About Wanping Castle

Wanping Fortress, also known as Wanping Castle is
a Ming Dynasty fortress or ‘walled city’ in Beijing. It was
erected in 1638–1640, with the purpose of defending Beijing against Li
Zicheng and the peasant uprising.

The
fortress has two gates. The east gate, named Ever Prosperous Gate, then renamed
as Majestic Gate and the west gate, named Favorably Govern Gate.

In
Chinese, the fortress is sometimes called Wanping City, as from the
beginning, it functioned as a military fortress. From west to east, it measures
640 meters (2,100 ft), and from south to the north 320 meters
(1,050 ft), making it a half-square shape.

The Museum
of the War of Chinese People’s Resistance Against Japanese Aggression,
surrounded by a plaza and park with numerous sculptures, occupies a large
portion of the space inside the fortress’ walls.

To
the west of the fortress are the Yongding River and the Lugou Bridge (Marco
Polo Bridge).