Kristiansand Cannon Museum - History and Facts | History Hit

Kristiansand Cannon Museum

Kristiansand, Vest-Agder, Norway

A huge defence battery in Norway, built by the Germans in 1941, the Kristiansand Canon Museum contains one of the largest land-based guns in the world.

Lucy Davidson

20 Jul 2021
Image Credit: Shutterstock

About Kristiansand Cannon Museum

The Kristiansand Cannon Museum stands at the site of the Møvik Fort, Norway, a huge defence battery built by the Germans during their occupation of Norway and Denmark during the World War Two. Today, the site operates as a museum and contains one of the largest land-based guns in the world.

History of Kristiansand Cannon Museum

Construction of this fortified stronghold began in 1941 and it took several years for the entire complex to be completed. It was built in a position of great strategic value, with the intention being to block the Skagerrak strait and the seaways of Eastern Norway and thus close the routes to the Allies.

Originally these coastal defences, called Batterie Vara by the Germans, contained four massive guns; however, only one survives at the Kristiansand Canon Museum today. The gun’s barrel is almost 20 metres long and it weighs a hefty 110 tonnes. As well as the main batteries, Møvik Fort contained sixteen smaller guns and several bunkers, fortified tunnels, and a military barracks.

After the war the Norwegians operated the site until it was closed in 1959 and much of the equipment was sold off as scrap, including the three other guns. After restoration work in the 1990s the fort was opened as the Kristiansand Cannon Museum in 1993.

Kristiansand Cannon Museum Today

Today, visitors to the site can explore the wider complex, delve into bunkers and tunnels, and of course, see the main gun itself, still in its original casement. The ‘Fortress Trail’ guides people around the complex and includes a number of exhibitions explaining the history and operation of the stronghold.

Getting to Kristiansand Cannon Museum

From the centre of Kristiansand, the museum is an 18 minute drive via the E18 road. There are also a number of public transport options which stop at Kroodden, after which the site is a 15 minute walk. By bike, it’s a scenic 50 minute cycle via the Kroodden road.

 

 

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