Yad Vashem - History and Facts | History Hit

Yad Vashem

Jerusalem, Jerusalem District, Israel

Yad Vashem is the museum of the Holocaust in Jerusalem.

Image Credit: Shutterstock

About Yad Vashem

Yad Vashem in Jerusalem is a museum and Israel’s official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust.

History of Yad Vashem

Beginning with the persecution of the Jews in Germany in 1933, the Nazi Party, under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, began a campaign in which Jews and other social and ethnic groups were taken into forced labour and extermination camps, suffering torture, intolerable conditions and mass executions. Over six million Jews died during the Holocaust, and at least five million people from other ethnic or social groups which the Nazis also deemed ‘undesirable’ were murdered alongside them.

The founding of the State of Israel is inextricably linked with this event, and Yad Vashem was established in 1953 – the name comes from Isaiah 56:5, and literally means ‘a memorial and a name’.

Yad Vashem today

Most visitors to Yad Vashem spend their time at the Holocaust History Museum – it’s incredibly moving and worth visiting. Unlike other Holocaust memorial sites, Yad Vashem details the events which preceded the Holocaust, and explains how and why anti-Semitism was so prevalent across Europe around this period. It tells the story of this grim and tragic chapter of history through exhibits including photographs, victims’ accounts, art installations and information panels.

The Hall of Names remains one of the most moving parts of the whole sight, and it’s not unusual to see people leaving in tears: the hole in the floor symbolises all of those who died whose names will never be known as everyone who might have remembered or mourned them perished too. It’s hard to find the words to describe the harrowing nature of some of what’s on display, but this makes Yad Vashem all the more important a site to visit and remember.

Yad Vashem’s founders also wanted to honour gentiles who helped save the lives of Jewish people and in doing so, put their own at risk: they are remembered in the Garden of the Righteous Among the Nations.

The site is closed on Friday afternoons and Saturday: it’s not recommend that you take young children to Yad Vashem: the content isn’t suitable and ultimately, it’s a memorial and a place for sombre learning and understanding.

Getting to Yad Vashem

Yad Vashem is on Mount Herzl, a short way out of the city of Jerusalem. There’s ample parking on site, but you can also catch the train to the JLR Mt Herzl stop. It’s a gentle 10 minute uphill walk from here to the site itself, or you can also wait for the free shuttle bus which runs 3 times an hour. 

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