Histria | Attraction Guides | History Hit

Histria

Istria, Constanta, Romania

Luke Tomes

24 Nov 2020
Image Credit: Shutterstock

About Histria

Histria, close to the city of Constanta in Romania is an archaeological park housing ruins which date throughout Romania’s history.

History of Histria

Histra was once a harbour, first occupied by the Ancient Greeks in 675 BC. Under the Greeks, it flourished into a centre of trade, specialising in ceramics, glass and metals. The earliest Romanian currency, the 8g silver Drachma, was first issued in Histria in circa 480 BC.

Over the centuries, Histria was invaded numerous times, including twice by the Romans and it served as both a Roman and Byzantine settlement. The city was inhabited uninterruptedly for more than 1,300 years across five distinct historical periods: Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Early Roman, and Late Roman. Like other colonies, Histria was built of two different units, each surrounded by its own precincts. On the western plateau was the civil settlement, also the largest inhabited area, surrounded by the oldest identified fortified lines. Only in the seventh century was Histria destroyed by enemy forces.

Histria today

This rich yet turbulent history has endowed Histria with a wealth of sites and monuments such as temples to Aphrodite and Zeus as well as Roman baths. Visitors can walk around the site with relative freedom, looking at its fascinating collection of remaining walls, columns and structures.

The archaeological excavations began at Histria only 100 years ago and still continue today. Visitors can admire the discoveries of this archaeological work by visiting the museum of Histria which houses a display of finds from the site ranging from inscriptions, jewellery and coins, sculptures and ceramics to tools and weapons.

Getting to Histria

Getting to Histria is difficult without private transport. Buses depart from Constanţa’s northern bus station, but the 4km hike to the museum complex from the stop puts many people off and taxis are hard to find here. Travelling by car is advised.

Featured In

Romania Historic Sites

Discover the best Historic Sites in Romania, from Peles Castle to Alba Iulia Fortress and more, includes an interactive Romanian cultural monuments map.

Byzantine Sites

Discover the best Byzantine architecture, sites, museums and ruins, from the Hagia Sophia to Bachkovo Monastery and more, includes interactive Byzantine Empire site map.

Ancient Cities

Discover a comprehensive list of the most stunning ancient cities in the world, from Pompeii to Calixtlahuaca and more, includes an interactive ancient city map.

Roman Baths

Discover the best Roman Baths: The Ultimate Guide, from Hadrian’s Villa to Cumae Archaeological Park and more, includes interactive ancient Roman bathhouses and hypocausts map.

Greek Temples

The ultimate guide to the very best Greek temples in the world, from Agrigento to Paestum and more, includes an interactive map surviving temples from Ancient Greece.

.